Italian Grammar: Indirect Object Prononuns

In Italian Grammar there are Direct Object Pronouns & Indirect Object Pronouns

Today, in this post about Italian grammar, I’ll teach you all you have to know about Indirect Object Pronoun


An indirect object is the person or thing that the action is happening to or for

Scrivo a Maria domani (I’ll write to Maria tomorrow)

Mando email a tutti i miei amici (I send email to all my friends)

An indirect object pronoun replaces a noun used as an indirect object:

‘I gave the book to her/I gave her the book’,  ‘I’ll pour her a glass/I’ll pour a glass for her’

In Italian, an indirect object pronoun replaces a noun preceded by the preposition “a”

It has to agree in gender and number with the noun it refers to


Indirect object pronouns normally come before the verb

In the following examples, the pronouns are in italian

Quando vedo Giulia le racconto tutto. When I see Giulia I’ll tell her

le stands for a Giulia (fs)]everything

I’m not going to phone Nicola, I’ll write to him  Non telefono a Nicola, gli scrivo.

gli stands for a Nicola (ms)]write to him

Luca non ci dice mai la verità.Luca never tells us the truth.

ci stands for a noi

Forms

Mi – to me

Ti – to you

Gli / Le – to him/her/it

Ci – to us

Vi – to you

Gli – to them

The third person plural pronoun gli is used for both masculine and feminine.

For the third person plural, loro can be used instead of gli, but it always follows the verb; the meaning is the same, but the use of loro is far less frequent and is more formal


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