Italian Grammar | Feminine & Masculine Nouns

masculine and feminine nouns www.learnitalianwithme.it

 

 

 In this post I’ll continue to explain you some rules about Italian GrammarItalian nouns can be masculine and feminine, singular and plural.

 

 

In Italian Grammar when the noun indicates a person or an animal it is easy to understand the gender because it coincides almost with the real sex

Noun of male people and animal are masculine:

uomo, padre, fratello, amico, professore, operaio, dottore, cane, leone, gallo, cavallo, gatto, lupo

Noun of female people and animal are feminine:

donna, madre, sorella, amica, professoressa, operaia, dottoressa, leonessa, gallina, cavalla, gatta, lupa, mucca

Instead, when the noun indicates a thing, an objet,an action, an idea, a quality can be male or female;in this case the gender is just a grammatical category

 

 

However, it is important to know the gender of the noun because in Italian there is a correlation, which is the rule to put all male or all female word together

To understand the gender we can take a look at its ending, but when the ending cannot give a sure reply it may be useful to take a look at the dictionary

 

 

 

Tabel with Endings
Ending NounGenderExamplesExceptions
-oalmast always masculineil libro, il letto, il compagno, lo studio, lo zio, il tavolo, il cielo, il gioco, l’albero, l’occhiola mano, la radio, l’eco, la moto, la foto, l’auto
-ausually feminine mamma, la scuola,
la maglia, l’acqua, la ragazza,
la penna, la pasta, la merenda
il problema, il diploma, il clima,
il papa, il profeta, il poeta,
il pilota, l’elettricista, l’autista,
il pigiama
usually femininela città, l’onestà, la sincerità, la metà il papà
-e, -èmasculine il sole, il pane, il dente, il giornale, il caffè 
or femininela luce, la carne, la pelle,
la soluzione
 
-i, -ìmasculine lo sci, il lunedì, il brindisi 
or femininel’analisi, l’oasi 
usually femininela gioventù, la servitù, la virtù il caucciù

 

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